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Rethinking Anarchism: Carlos Taibo (8) | Autonomies
In this way we aim to share with English readers the work of one of the most significant anarchist voices today in spain. Some months ago, one of the publications of one of the anarcho-syndicalist forces active among us expressed an idea that was not without significance. Referring to the period before the Spanish Civil War, it stated: Few domains have been as muddy as that which concerns the relation between anarchism and the national question. How could an anarchist be a nationalist?
How could anarchists distance themselves — others ask — from a national question that is at the heart of many of the disputes relative to State formation and its democratic nature? At some point in the past, I suggested that there are only two reasonable ways to confront the national question.
On paper, the latter was the overwhelmingly dominant view held by the libertarian movement, with the consequence that it pretended to not notice in any way the disputes — knowingly intense — and the positions that gave body to the national question.
I am afraid that in relation to the libertarian view, that matters are nevertheless more complex. I will emphasis, without going further, that there are anarchist thinkers — for example, Bakunin — who perceive in nations a natural, or almost natural, reality, which is not in itself seen as an obstacle to the necessarily universalist and internationalist character of the libertarian project. What is certain is that for Bakunin, far from proposing a nationalism that embraced the State, what he defended was a very different short term goal, grounded in a revolutionary and federalist project.
As things were, and if we follow the views that I have just summarised, one fails to do justice to reality when it is affirmed that from the perspective of libertarianism, that internationalism and nationalism are diametrically opposed phenomena.
Among anarchist thinkers, there is no dissension, by contrast, with respect to a criticism of something that has to be understood as present in the overwhelming majority of manifestations of nationalism: Even though it is not common in libertarian thought to forget the ascendancy of State nationalisms — those silent nationalisms that would seem not to exist —, I will admit that problems have not been absent as regards this matter.
It can be recalled that in the Catalan libertarian world of pre, disputes with many immigrant workers who seemed not to accept in any way the culture and the language of the country where they had arrived were frequent.
Among us, and in addition, the alliberqment movement accepted with excessive frequency, and with no wish to discuss them, organisational formulas that copied to a considerable degree institutional-administrative State forms. Palpable traces of this are evident in the National Confederation of Labour [CNT] or the different regional committees. And it was in no way evident, it can be said in passing, that the defence of an Iberian project resolved the confusion: It is clear that, apliberament to the direction of the argumentation that is presently under consideration, it has always been an easy matter to appreciate the very close relation between the Catalan libertarian movement and the corresponding national demand.
A stronger relation, for sure, in the case of anarcho-syndicalism, and especially in syndicalist elements of this last, a phenomenon that is well illustrated in the book by Termes that I have cited on various occasions. The second recommendation suggests that, at the time that such matters are taken up, that it is necessary to attend to the development and the actions of State nationalism, given that otherwise it is very easy to animate dramatic distortions of complex realities.
I will point out thirdly that it is suitable to separate the terms nationalism and independence. The demand for this last need not translate into the parallel demand for the creation of a State, with its own army. Independence should arise from the accumulation of prior independencies that proceed from below: This is what logically it means to make oneself independent.
Fourthly, I want to point boundless suspicion before all macro-structures — the EU, for example — that capital has shaped, in open dissonance with the perception of those who see only advantages in a ground up integration. I will add, lastly, that whatever the excesses that surround the principle of free determination, and its corresponding law, one and the other are preferable to their negation, unless, obviously, we declare ourselves proudly hostile to the cause of democracy and we defend thoroughly existing States.
I am obliged to proffer a few comments on a discussion that, though not frequent, has nevertheless its importance: It would be absurd to deny the pertinence of the question, as it would be to assume without further ado that a negative answer to it resolves the matter.
That such Eurocentric and, ultimately, colonial spasms, have been able to manifest themselves at some point seems beyond discussion. Even then, three responses can be formulated. The first stresses the permanent compromise anarquisje anarchism with contesting colonisations and imperialisms: I believe nevertheless that we are closing our eyes to reality — and this is the second response — if we forget that movements of a strictly anarchist character have not been absent in many of the countries of the south of the planet.
It is sufficient to mention the names of China — where in the past there was a significant anarchist movement —, of Palestine or of India — nacinoal places where a libertarian presence continues to make itself felt anarquism, or, of course, Latin America, where the waves of Spanish, Portuguese and Italian migrations had and has as a consequence a notable presence of libertarian organisations.
anarquisme i alliberament nacional pdf download
A third and last response can be stated; something that places us in an order of facts different from what has already concerned me: It is not a case obviously of mimetic imitations of what is demanded by anarchists of the north.
I speak rather of communities which exude a libertarian way of life, and which challenge the anarquieme of colonisation and western values. Such is the case with for example African communalism or with many indigenous peoples of Latin America. I am thinking of human communities which, by the way, do not always adjust themselves to the particular stereotype forged in the heat of what is proposed by anarcho-primitivism, which in some cases, and contrary to appearances, is nothing but the expression of perceptions rooted in the opulent north and its corresponding games rules.
It is more than obvious, in the end, that nafional condition of these communities owes nothing to preconceptions that have inspired classical anarchism, even more so when these last frequently answer to much more diffuse conceptions of class.
This situation obliges one to recognise then that on many occasions, explicit anarchist movements based in the countries of the south, committed to nzcional an ideological canon that arrived from the north of the planet, followed very different paths from those marked vitally by libertarian practices of the better part of the native inhabitants of these countries.
anarquisme i alliberament nacional pdf download – PDF Files
Nations, Anarchisms of the South The National Question and Anarchism Some months ago, one of the publications of one of the anarcho-syndicalist forces active among us expressed an idea that was not without significance. Anarchism in the South of the Planet I am obliged to proffer a few comments on a discussion that, though not frequent, has nevertheless its importance: Quoted in Allibersment, op.
Rudolf Rocker, Nacionalismo y cultura. La Piqueta, Madrid, Benedict Anderson, Under Three Flags. Anarchism and the Anti-colonial Imagination.
Sharif Gemie, in Graham, op. This entry was posted in Commentary and tagged anarchismCarlos Taibonationalism. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Anarqhisme email address will not be published. Comment Name Email Website Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The intransigent anarchist The threat to Rojava: An anarchist reading From Brazil: The seductions of “History” Tourism: The spectacle alliberamsnt travel An experiment in cartography: Mapping the gilets jaunes Amidst the polyphony of the gilets jaunes The gilets jaunes: How the ground moves beneath our feet The gilets jaunes: Smashing habits in insurrection Paris is burning: The gilets jaunes Insurrection in the end times: The gilets jaunes The uncertain tides of insurrection: The yellow vest protests of allierament.
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