Racionalidad ambiental, democracia participativa y desarrollo sustentable ( Sociologi?a y poli?tica) Home Leff, Enrique Ecologia y capital. Racionalidad. Buy Ecologia y Capital: Racionalidad Ambiental, Democracia Participativa y Desarrollo Sustentable by Enrique Leff, Ph.D. – Enrique Leff (born Mexico, ) is a Mexican economist, who defines himself today as an . Ecología y Capital: Hacia una Perspectiva Ambiental del Desarrollo. México: UNAM. Leff, E. (Ed.). Los problemas del conocimiento y la.

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: Enrique Leff: Books

I finally got around to reading this book over the weekend, after suggesting it to a friend who is in fact doing this kind of work in college; here are my thoughts. We produce things because we want them; how could we want to produce an ecology? Kovel admits to borrowing the concept from the Mexican ecologist Enrique Leff. The growth of global civilization has been accompanied by a global ecological crisis. The occupation of Iraq, for instance, can be thought of as an ecological issue.

Our civilization, of course, is addicted to oil, which will at some future date start to run out, greatly increasing its price.

Burning billions of barrels of oil has, moreover, brought to global society a raging greenhouse effect that promises to accelerate in the coming years.

Few people today think about the material basis of their relationship to the land and the good things that it grows, since everything can be bought with money at supermarkets, Home Depot, or the local shopping mall. The bottom line is that the resources which our economy uses come mostly from a natural world, which is based on fragile, breakable ecosystems, and that ecology is the science by which we can know how that natural world works.

Businesses seeking a profit have therefore had to become bigger as for instance we see WalMart displace mom-and-pops in localities everywhereand use more natural resources.

Ecologia y Capital, or Enrique Leff for beginners

The result, for Leff:. Throughout these processes, extended reproduction of capital intensified the exploitation of natural resources. Gradual regenerative processes that allow biotic resources to recuperate and to grow cannot keep pace with accelerated capital reproduction cycles.


The resulting depletion of resources generated, in turn, a tendency toward higher prices for raw materials and general commodities. The costs of producing capital, as well as the labor time necessary for working-class subsistence, can enriquf expected to rise, generating an obstacle to the need to continuously raise the rate of profits and surplus value.

In short, capitalism is too fast and too dynamic for the natural world which supports it. The more advanced capitalist nations rationalize business exploitation by shifting the costs of overexploitation to the less developed nations, where, by virtue of being a Mexican, Leff lives.

A new productive paradigm must be constructed — one that articulates the laws of thermodynamics, of ecology, and of social production. This emergent productive rationality will integrate the conditions for the primary productivity of natural ecosystems, the technological productivity of productive processes, and the social productivity of the labor process, supported by socially controlled, scientific-technological progress.

Until now, the advance of science and technological innovation has been overdetermined by a necessity to increase labor productivity, as a means for surplus extraction Ecodevelopment practices do not imply a frontal attack against capital.

Nevertheless, the implementation of new ecological technologies and new productive practices imply political conflict, institutional changes, and social struggles for the possession of new technical knowledges and means of production for the appropriation of nature and the production of social wealth. Thus, instead of definitively stating an incompatibility between capitalism and ecodevelopment, it is important to understand how these productive transformations are incorporated into social struggles over resources.

In the process of implementing this new productive rationality, political conflicts will be generated, as well as social changes that may lead to the appropriation of lands and means of production by the working classes, peasants, and indigenous peoples in rural communities.

However, in light of the things he has said about capitalist exploitation, it is hard to see how ecodevelopment will have much in common with the current Age of Finance Capital.


A period of social conflict is projected, after which whatever business is there to be transacted will happen in accordance with ecological concerns:. So Leff wants to suggest the outlines of a rational government on the other side of a projected social revolution-of-sorts. Can he make it happen? Can he get scientists to work on his vision of a world where ecodevelopment is business as usual?

To form a comprehensive picture of ecodevelopment, Leff capitsl that we research the enriqke practices of prehispanic cpital in Latin America and in China, sustainable agricultural practices in tropical ecosystems, and suggestions of an emerging debate about ecodevelopment in UN documents. I will probably start to reinvestigate agroecologypreferably after next week when Pomona College will be in session again.

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Published online 7 January The result, for Leff: What does Leff advocate? Leff does not argue thusly. A period of social conflict is projected, after which whatever business is there to be transacted will happen in accordance with ecological concerns: How does Leff illustrate ecodevelopment? Where will I go from captial

Ecologia y Capital : Racionalidad Ambiental, Democracia Participativa y Desarrollo Sustentable

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