Racism has ratings and 25 reviews. Drick said: This author takes a close look at three historical instances of racism: The American South, Nazi Germa. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Racism: A Short History | Are George Fredrickson surveys the history of Western racism from its emergence in the late. Surveys the history of Western racism from its emergence in the late Middle Ages to the present. Beginning with medieval anti-Semitism, the author traces the.
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Racism: A Short History
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Are antisemitism and white supremacy manifestations of a general phenomenon? Why didn’t racism appear in Europe before the fourteenth century, and why did it flourish as never before in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries? Why did the twentieth century see institutionalized racism in its most extreme forms? Why are egalitarian societies particularly susceptible to viru Are antisemitism and white supremacy manifestations hsort a general phenomenon? Why are egalitarian societies particularly susceptible to virulent racism?
How did the Holocaust advance hidtory rights in the United States? With a rare blend of learning, economy, and cutting insight, George Fredrickson surveys the hhistory of Western racism from its emergence in the late Middle Ages to the present.
Beginning with the medieval antisemitism that put Jews beyond the pale of humanity, he traces the spread of racist thinking in the wake of European expansionism and the beginnings of the African slave trade.
And he examines how the Enlightenment and nineteenth-century romantic nationalism created a new intellectual context for debates over slavery and Jewish emancipation. Fredrickson then frexrickson the first sustained comparison between the color-coded racism of nineteenth-century America and the antisemitic racism that appeared in Germany around the same time. He finds similarity enough to justify the common label but also major differences in shory nature and functions of the stereotypes invoked.
The book concludes with a provocative account of the rise and decline of the twentieth century’s overtly racist regimes–the Jim Crow South, Nazi Germany, and apartheid South Africa–in the context of world historical developments.
This illuminating work is the first to treat racism across such a sweep of history and geography.
It is distinguished not only by its original comparison of modern racism’s two most significant varieties–white supremacy and antisemitism–but also by its eminent readability. Paperbackpages. Published July 22nd by Princeton University Press first published To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Racismplease sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not fdedrickson featured on Listopia. Mar 30, Drick rated it liked it Shelves: This author takes a close look at three historical instances of racism: Through a discussion of these three he develops a framework for identifying racism vs.
While I found his historical overview intersting, I sensed an underlying assumption shoet racism was rational decision. He did not accoutn much for the non-rational aspects of racism: As such I was left feeling something signficant was missing. The other major shortcoming is that Fredrickson tells the history from the dominant culture point of view, rarely drawing on sources from the oppressed.
Finally, by only focusing on the three instances of historic racism, he overlooks other examples: Fredrickson so narrowly defines racism to exclude these groups However what was helpful was to see how “racism” went from being an acceptable scientific term in dominant society to histoey a negative term after the Nazi Holocaust of the Jews.
He also forces us to reckon with the fact that white history has justified racism for a long time,and only in the last 60 years has begun to really turn this around.
He also helps us see the interplay of law and behavior, even though he has largely omitted the emotional and psychological. Nov 07, Lock rated it really liked it. I got pretty sucked into this one. While I had read accounts of the separate development of antisemitism and white supremacy, I hadn’t encountered a study that so thoroughly histoory consistently related them to one another, crafting a single historical narrative and detailing the religious, philosophical, and “scientific” interplay between the two tendencies.
Does a good job of creating and utilizing a specific taxonomy of racist societies and regimes; very useful. The style is pretty dry, typical a I got pretty sucked into this one.
The style is pretty dry, typical academic fare, but without drowning the reader in specifics. A criticism I would present is that Frederickson neglects the economic and political motives in the establishment of African slavery in the British American colonial period.
I recognize that the scope of the book is the development, climax, and defeat of his “overtly racist regimes,” I feel like the roots of white supremacy in the states bear description, are important to frame in this kind of thing.
While he does a great job of describing the ways in which histody kind of dehumanization that characterizes antisemitism and white supremacy are possible, he talks less about the motives of the regimes in question for codifying racist power dynamics.
Racism: A Short History | MassCommons
In short, its a study focusing on the pathology of racism. Dec 10, Brent rated it it was ok. He argues that anything that lacks one or the other of these characteristics, however negative, could be called culturalism or prejudice but it would not be racism.
He racidm argues that if the characteristics that elicit prejudice are not genetic and one is able to move from the persecuted group to the dominant group through any means, then it is also not truly racism. With this definition in mind Fredrickson goes on to provide a brief overview of racism in Western society. His shlrt primarily focuses on the grand scale of politics, religion, and laws associated with racial relations. He omits personal stories, and ground level impacts of racism in favor of understanding the long historical story of racism.
Native Americans, Asian Americans, Latino Americans, and many other racial groups were rcism practically disregarded in this book. Aug 15, Jon rated it it was amazing Shelves: A lot has been written about European anti-Semitism and American White Supremacism, but a comparative study of racism hiatory takes into account both of its dominant manifestations is rare to find.
Fredrickson’s book manages to fill this gap by developing a conceptual framework of racism based on a comparison of Jim Crow America, Nazi Germany, and Apartheid South Africa.
As a result, this book is more insightful and valuable than most works that dealt just with nation-specific manifestations of ra A lot has been written about European anti-Semitism and American White Supremacism, but a comparative study of racism which takes into account both of its dominant manifestations is rare to find.
As a result, this book is more insightful and valuable hiwtory most works that dealt just with nation-specific fredrkckson of racism. Refreshingly, Fredrickson also refrains from political rhetoric or blame-centered approaches, freedrickson, as he puts it: A Short History” also makes for a great introduction to the issue. May 13, Derek rated it liked it Shelves: Not quite what I expected it to be, this book defined racism much more narrowly than is typical in public discourse—a system in which a hierarchy is racjsm between different groups by official means i.
It’s a thought-provoking and potentially useful definition for a term typically used in much broader, more vague senses, senses in which the author suggests that Not quite what I expected it to be, this book defined racism much more narrowly than is typical in public discourse—a system in which a hierarchy is created between different groups by official means i. It’s a thought-provoking and potentially useful definition for a term typically used in much broader, more vague senses, senses in which the author suggests that “xenophobia” is a more accurate term.
As such, the book claims fredeickson the term really only applies to a few specific instances of history: I’m not necessarily convinced that this isn’t overly restrictive; from my frerickson minor knowledge of the situation in the British Isles, I think one might argue what the Irish of the prior few centuries were subjected to racism by the definition of the book, and that there were examples in Asia as well, such as the Japanese with the Fredfickson.
The exploration of the origins and nature of bigotry against Africans and Jews was very interesting. While I’m ftedrickson interested in reading more in depth on the topic, the book provided some insights into the origins of Africans as the primary victims of the slave trade in the last three centuries.
Interesting to see how that fact, and some of the rationalizations for that came dredrickson Islamic cultures. Also very interesting to learn of the peculiar nature of antisemitism in Germany. I hadn’t been aware how the unique history of Germany made it a particularly fertile ground for the racism that lead ultimately to the holocaust.
There was also a very interesting, of brief, exploration of how much culpability for the holocaust must be shared by Germany in general rather than just the maxi leaders. An interesting and, given the seeming rise fredricson at least a strain of xenophobia in US and world politics, perhaps very timely read.
Mar 26, Robin rated it it was amazing. Fredrickson brilliantly breaks down the history of racism, from its arrival in the modern world in Spain to the current struggles of African-Americans. In its early days, many used racism as a justification for slavery.
The Curse of Haam, was a story tarnished skin taken from the old testament and randomly applied to the people of West Africa. Fredickson separates two kinds of racism, that of White Supremacy inclusion and of Antisemitism exclusion. He details how these grew over time from th Fredrickson brilliantly breaks down the history of racism, from its arrival in the modern world in Spain to the current struggles of African-Americans.
He details how these grew over time from histoey pogroms of the 12th and 13th century, to the ‘limpieza de sangre’ towards moriscos and fredricksson in 16th century Spain, to the popular science of Eugenics starting in England and then spreading the US and Germany.
Fredrickson demonstrates how the rise of German Nationalism contributed to the rise of exclusionist policies and eventually to the racism of the Third Reich.
The ideology of social Darwinism spread across the world in 18th and 19 centuries and its effect on modern society is still seen today. Aug 14, Joshua Lawson rated it liked it Shelves: When did it first appear in human hsort What forms has it taken throughout the world?
These are the general questions George Aa attempts to answer in Racism: This was my exposure to scholarly literature dealing with the concept of race, and it helped me see how the idea has been and is being engaged by social scientists and historians. I look forward to reading more from Fredrickson and others in his field as I attempt to put the pieces together for m What is racism?
I look forward to reading more from Fredrickson and others in his field as I attempt to put the pieces together for myself. Apr 13, Erin Casey rated it really shirt it. As someone who does not have an extensive historical knowledge, this book was difficult to read at times. However, the way Fredrickson presents his ideas are quite thought-provoking.
I racissm definitely recommend this book to anyone who may not believe racism is still a societal issue, or for people who wish to have a greater knowledge and another resource in their toolbelt of academic opinion. This book was a good overview of racism and its origins. It seems to concentrate on state sanctioned racism, where laws are created that dictate who can marry whom, where people can live, what jobs they can have.