Had the complete or fragmentary zajals attributed to Ibn. Quzman not survived, the genre would be little more than a hollow name. This quality of lonely . Ibn Quzman Abu Bakr Abd al-Malik ibn Quzman (Arabic: أبو بكر بن قزمان , b. –d. ) was the single most famous poet in the history of al-Andalus and he. Description. The Dīwān of Ibn Quzmān, which has come down in a single copy, consists of stanzas of poetry (zajals) written in the Andalusī Arabic dialect.

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He has earned his fame by his zajals. The life-style of Ibn Quzman was similar to that of troubadours. His approach to life as expressed in these melodious poems, together with their mixed idiom occasionally using words of the Romance languagesshows a ressembance to the later vernacular troubadour poetry of France. Of the over works which ibnn attributed to him, survive in the original manuscript. Abubacer Aben Tofail; Anglicized form: As a philosopher and novelist, he is most famous for writing the first philosophical novel, Hayy ibn Yaqdhan.

As a physician, he was an early supporter of quzmaj and autopsy, which was expressed in his novel. Youngstown, Ohio A gazebo is a pavilion structure, sometimes qumzan or turret-shaped, often built in a park, garden quzmn spacious public area.

They provide shade, shelter, ornamental features in a landscape, and a place to rest. Some gazebos in public parks are large enough to serve as bandstands or rain shelters. Types Gazebos overlap with pavilions, kiosks,[2] alhambras, belvederes, follies, pergolas, and rotundas. Such structures are popular in warm and sunny climates.

The Script and text of Ibn Quzman’s Diwan: some giveaway secrets

They feature in the literature of China, Persia, and many other classical civilizations. Examples of such structures are the garden houses at Montacute House in Somerset, England. The gazebo at Elton on the Hill in Nottinghamshire, thought to date from the late 18th or early 19th century, is a square crenelated, brick and stone tower with an arched opening. He produced the first dictionary of the Arabic language – the oldest extant dictionary – Kitab al-‘Ayn Arabic: The primary data he listed and categorized His life coincided with the rise of several medieval Muslim dynasties, the arrival of the First Crusade, and the establishment of the crusader states.

He was the nephew and potential successor of qusman emir of Shaizar, but was exiled in and spent the rest of his life serving other leaders. He often meddled in the quzma of the courts in which he served, and he was The work of Ibn al-Nafis regarding the right sided pulmonary circulation pre-dates the later work of William Harvey’s De motu cordis.

Both theories attempt to explain circulation. As an early anatomist, Ibn al-Nafis also performed several human dissections during the course of his work,[1] making several important discoveries in the fields of physiology and anatomy.

Ibn Quzman on Spotify

Besides his famous discovery of the pulmonary circulation, he also gave an early insight of the coronary and capillary circulations,[2][3] a contribution for which he is sometimes described as “the father of circulatory physiology”. He was an expert on the Sha Hassan ibn Thabit Arabic: He was born in Medinaand was member of the Banu Khazraj tribe.

His writings in defence of the Muhammad contain references to contemporary events that have been useful in documenting the period. He was also Islam’s first religious poet, using many phrases from the Qur’an in his verses. The work of Hassan Ibn Thabit was instrumental in spreading the message of Muhammad, as poetry was an important part of Arab culture.

The work and words of Hassan Ibn Thabit are still regarded as the most beautiful in praise of Muhammad. Muhammad was so happy with Hassan Ibn Thabit that he order Page from Ibn al-Kattani’s Treatment of Dangerous Diseases Appearing Superficially on the Body early 11th century Andalusian Arabic, also known as Andalusi Arabic, was a variety or varieties of the Arabic language spoken in Al-Andalus, the regions of the Iberian Peninsula modern Spain and Portugal under Muslim rule and for some time after from the 9th century to the 17th century.

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It became an extinct language in Iberia after the expulsion of the Moriscos, which took place over a century after the Conquest of Granada by Christian Spain. Once widely spoken in Iberia, the expulsions and persecutions of Arabic speakers caused an abrupt end to the language’s use on the peninsula. Its use continued to some degree in Africa after the expulsion although Andalusi speakers were rapidly assimilated by the Moroccan and Tunisian communities to which they fled. Andalusi Arabic is still used in Andalusi music and has significantly influenced the dialects of such towns as Sfax in Tunisia, Fez, Rabat, Nedroma, Tlemcen Ibn Jubayr 1 September [1] —29 November ; Arabic: His travel chronicle describes the pilgrimage he made to Mecca from toin the years preceding the Third Crusade.

J. A. Abu-Haidar, The Script and text of Ibn Quzman’s Diwan: some giveaway secrets – PhilPapers

His chronicle describes Saladin’s domains in Egypt and the Levant which he passed through on his way to Mecca. Further, on his return journey he passed through Christian Sicily, which had only been recaptured from the Muslims a century before, and he makes several observations on the hybrid polyglot culture which flourished there.

He was a member of the Abbadid dynasty. Early life When he was 13 years old Al-Mu’tamid’s father bestowed on him the title of Emir and appointed the Andalusi Arabic poet Ibn Ammar as his vizier. However, Al-Mu’tamid fell strongly under the influence of Ibn Ammar, and possibly in love. After one night of poetry and wine it was reported that Al-Mu’tamid insisted they sleep together “on this same pillow. One of his first acts was to recall Ibn Ammar and to bes He was the most prominent student of Imam Malik ibn Anas and he also served as the Governor of Najar.

Dawud al-Zahiri was said to be the first to write such a biography, but the book has been lost. He was also Muhammad’s father-in-law through Aisha.

The name, meaning “young camel”, is widely used by Sunni Muslims. The two parts of the name can be written together, hyphenated, or separately. Persons with the name People with the name include: A miniature of Nizami’s work. Layla and Majnun meet for the last time before their deaths. Both have fainted and Majnun’s elderly messenger attempts to revive Layla while wild animals protect the pair from unwelcome intruders.

Layla and Majnun Arabic: Biography Ibn al-Muqaffa, though a resident of Basra, was originally from the town of Goor or Gur, Firuzabad, Fars in the Iranian province of Fars and was born to a family of local notables. His father had been a state official in charge of taxes under the Umayyads, and after being accused and convicted of embezzling some of the money entrusted to him, was punished by the ruler by having his hand crushed, hence the name Muqaffa shrivelled hand. Ibn al-Muqaffa served in sectarial posts under the Umayyad governors of Shapur and Kirman.

Unlike his other colleagues, he escaped persecution at the hands of Abbasids after their overthrow of the Umayyad dynasty. He later returned to Basra and served as a secret Most of his writings and books were not completed or well-organized due to his early death.

He had a vast knowledge of medicine, mathematics and astronomy. His main contribution to Islamic philosophy was his idea on soul phenomenology, which was never completed. Avempace was, in his time, not only a prominent figure of philosophy but also of music and poetry. However, scholars believe it more likely that they were Iberian Christians who converted to Is He is considered one of the greatest, most prominent and most influential poets in the Arabic language, and much of his work has been translated into over 20 languages worldwide.


Much of his poetry revolves around praising the kings he visited during his lifetime. Some consider his poems to be a great representation of his life story. He started writing poetry when he was nine years old. He is well known for his sharp intelligence and wittiness.

Al-Mutanabbi had a great pride in himself through his poetry. Among the topics he discussed were courage, the philosophy of life, and the description of battles. Many of his poems were and still are widely spread in today’s Arab world and are considered to be proverbial. His great talent brought him very close to many leaders of his time. It is often known in English as the Arabian Nights, from the first English-language edition c.

Some tales themselves trace their roots back to ancient and medieval Arabic, Persian, Greek, Indian, Jewish and Turkish[3] folklore and literature. A Thousand Taleswhich in turn relied pa He served as a judge during the Abbasid Caliphate, but was best known for his contributions to Arabic literature.

He was born in Kufa in what is now Iraq. Having studied tradition and philology he became qadi in Dinawar during the reign of Al-Mutawakkil,[8] and afterwards a teacher in Baghdad where he died.

List of Arabic language poets most of whom were Arabs and who wrote in the Arabic language. Each year links to the corresponding “[year] in obn article.

Alphabetical list A Abdel latif Moubarak b. Abu Tammam Abu Tammam Arabic: He seems to have spent his youth in Homs, though, according to one story, he was employed during his boyhood selling water at a mosque in Cairo. His first appearance as a poet was in Egypt, but as he failed to make a living there he went to Damascus, and then to Mosul. He then traveled towards the eastern part of the caliphate, eventually gaining admirers and patrons by praising various officials, such as the governor of Arminiya Khalid ibn Yazid al-Shaybani who reportedly gave him 10 dirhams on each occasion and financed his travels.

He is mainly known as the writer to whom Ibn Battuta dictated an account of his travels. It is clear that he copied passages from previous works such as the description of Medina from the Rihla of Ibn Jubayr and the description of Palestine by Mohammed al-Abdari al-Hihi. Medieval Spain Cantar de Mio Cid The Medieval period covers years of different poetry texts and can be broken up into five categories Primitive Lyrics Since the findings of the Kharjas, which are mainly two, three, or four verses, Spanish lyrics, which are written in Mozarabic dialect, are perhaps the oldest of Romance Europe.

The Mozarabic dialect has Latin origins with a combination of Arabic and Hebrew fonts. The exact portion of each of these works is disputed among scholars. The Minstrels, over the course of the 12th to the 14th centuries, were driving force of this movement. The Spanish epic likely originated from France. There are also indications of Arabic and Visigoth. It is usually written in series of seven to eight syllables within rhyming verse.

He used to gather with a group of other youths at Basra’s main mosque, where they would discuss different scientific subjects. He also attended various lectures given by the most learned men in philology, lexicography and poetry.