In intra-sentential code switching, the shift is done in the middle of a sentence, with no interruptions, hesitations, or pauses to indicate a shift. In linguistics, code-switching occurs when a speaker alternates between two or more . Most code-switching studies primarily focus on intra-sentential switching, as it creates many hybrid grammar structures that require explanation. The other . PDF | This study explores patterns of intra-sentential and inter-sentential code- switching (CS) that are manifest in the speech of Turkish-English bilinguals in.

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The ability to communicate our thoughts, emotions, and opinions to others is truly a remarkable skill. But not only does our language communicate who we are, but our use of language can influence our self-concept and identity.

It goes both ways: Cultural ibtrasentential are reflected in our language and also influence how we conceptualize who we are and where we come from.

The social aspect of language is studied by sociolinguistics, a subdivision of linguistics which studies social factors. Bilingual communities use certain strategies to make communication more effective and meaningful. One of these tricks is “code switching,” which we can observe mostly in second- or foreign-language classes.

Code switching refers to the use of two languages within a sentence or discourse.

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It is a natural conflation that often occurs between cdoe speakers who have two or more languages in common. Here, we will focus on the definition of code switching, the reasons for using code switching, the types of code switching and their definitions, and examples and suggestions for teachers using code switching to teach a foreign or second language.

Code switching is when intrasrntential speaker alternates between two or more languages or dialects or varieties of language in one conversation. This phenomenon can be observed in the following examples. Code switching occurs mostly in bilingual communities.

Speakers of more than one language are known for their ability to code switch or mix their language during their communication. As Aranoff and Miller Since its inception, intrasenential term “code switching” has expanded to encapsulate any situation in which speakers finds themselves switching from one accepted vocabulary, cadence, style, or set of rules to another.

Code Switching: Definition, Types, and Examples | Owlcation

For example, you probably speak to a potential employer differently than you would address a close friend, and many African Americans describe playing different roles in different settings and with different micro-cultures.

There are a number of possible intrasenfential for switching from one language to another; two are described below. As Skiba comments, code switching is not a language interference on the basis that it supplements speech.

Where it is used due to an inability of expression, code switching provides continuity in speech rather than presenting an interference in language. intasentential

The socio-linguistic benefits of code switching include communicating solidarity with or affiliation to a particular social group, so code switching can be viewed as a means of providing a linguistic advantage rather than an obstruction to communication. Furthermore, code switching allows a speaker to convey more nuanced attitudes and emotions by choosing from a bigger pool of words intrasentejtial is available to a bilingual person, much like how one might use font, bolding, or underlining in a text document to emphasize points.

Utilizing the second language, then, allows speakers to increase the impact of their speech and use it in a more effective manner. In certain settings, code switching might be a barrier to communication rather than an aid.

In the classroom, for example, code switching can be seen as language interference since it might impede learning.


Although students may see code switching as an acceptable form of communication in society and may feel comfortable switching languages in everyday normal conversation, in some other settings, this type of communication would put those who are not bilingual at a disadvantage, because they would not be able to understand. Therefore, code switching can be both beneficial and a possible language interference, depending on the situation and the context in which it occurs.

Sometimes, speakers flip from one language to another accidentally, but in many situations, code switching is done deliberately to both create unity or to exclude someone from a conversation. It is seen as a sign of solidarity within a group, and it is intrasententiql assumed that all speakers in a conversation must be bilingual in order for code switching to occur.

Bilinguals do not usually translate from the weaker language to the stronger one. Code switching is used most often when a word doesn’t “come. In inter-sentential intrasentenhial switching, the language switch is done at sentence boundaries—words or phrases at the beginning or end of a sentence.

This type is seen most often in fluent bilingual speakers. In intra-sentential code switching, the shift is done in the middle of a sentence, with no interruptions, hesitations, or pauses to indicate a shift.

The speaker is usually unaware of the shift. Different types of switches occur within the clause level and within the word level. Some researchers call this code mixing. This is the switching of either a single word or a tag phrase or both from one language to another. This type is common in intra-sentential switches. It involves the intrzsentential of a tag from one language into an utterance in another language.

Some use cofe terms “code-mixing” and “code-switching” interchangeably, especially those who study morphology, syntax, and other formal aspects of language, but other areas like subfields of linguistics, communication, or education theory have their own extremely specific definitions for code-mixing.

The teacher can use code switching to help promote learning, especially while teaching new vocabulary. Here are some suggestions for teachers of intermediate level students learning English. These examples set the lesson in a classroom of native Turkish speakers, but you could do something like this in any classroom full of students who share any native tongue.


Well, Heather just told me that Mandy has dumped Gordon and got a new boyfriend. The teacher wants the students to learn the meaning of the new word ” bursting. The teacher gives another dialogue to the students and wants them to guess the meaning of the words which are written in bold.

Code switching is a phenomenon that is inevitable in bilingual communities. It occurs naturally in second- or foreign-language classrooms and it can be used beneficially in many classroom activities.

Code Switching: Definition, Types, and Examples

Although it it sometimes seen as a sloppy or presumptive way to speak, it is natural, and can be turned to a purposeful and useful activity in language classes. The Handbook Of Linguistics. The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of Language. From Birth To Teens.

Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. This article was very useful in all angles thanks.

It basically covered everything my LCS assignment needed! Thanks a lot for this article on the above subject. I am enlightened on code switching from your write up. Glad that I went across the article while I was searching for relevant information to my thesis. That was truly helpful. I really appreciate your study, it is really useful and helped me in understanding Code-switching. It has helped me a great deal. Wow i really appreciate your research it is really useful and helped me to understand more about my presentation thank you so much!


I hope you can always share the good information and knowlage in this website. You are very welcome Widad El Firaoui. I’m glad that it is helpful for you. Thanks for the comment. Thanks a bunch for this beneficial article, i grasped a lot of information concerning code switching in which my monograph will be revolved around. This article is so much good for us to know about code switching concept clearlythanks for that. Hi Anne Harrison, I am very happy that you found my hub interesting.

Thank you for the vote and your nice comment.

The title caught me- I intrasentenital no idea what to expect. A really interesting article on a subject I now nothing about until now! That’s very nice that you do code switching with your mother koconutzzz. Thank you for the comment.

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For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: Definition, Types, and Examples Updated on December 19, Code Switching in Speech The ability to switcuing our thoughts, emotions, and opinions to others is truly a remarkable skill.

What Is Code Switching? Yes, someone might code switch within one language by mixing dialects or types coee vernacular. Reasons Speakers Use Code Switching There are a number of intraswntential reasons for switching from one language to another; two are described below. To Fulfill a Need. As a result, the speaker may be triggered into speaking in the other language for a while. This type of code switching tends to occur when the speaker is upset, tired, or distracted in swirching manner, or when they are less fluent in one language.

Switching also commonly occurs when an individual wishes to express solidarity with a particular social group. Rapport is established between the speaker and the listener when the listener responds with a similar switch. Code switching may also be used to exclude others from a conversation who do not speak the second language.

For example, if two people in an elevator in an English-speaking place spoke Spanish, then not only would the others on that elevator who do not speak Spanish would be excluded from the conversation, but also a degree of comfort and intimacy would be established between the Spanish-speakers due to the fact that not all those present in the elevator can listen to their conversation.


Cose Code Switching a Bad Thing? Code Switching as a Language Interference In certain settings, code switching might be a barrier to communication rather than an aid. Is Code Switching Deliberate or Accidental? Types of Code Switching 1. Inter-Sentential In inter-sentential code switching, the language switch is done at sentence boundaries—words or phrases at the beginning dode end of a sentence.

Intra-Sentential In intra-sentential code switching, the shift is done in the middle of a sentence, with no interruptions, hesitations, or pauses to indicate a shift.