Bibliography of the Writings of Karl Jaspers to Spring compiled by Kurt Rossman – – In Karl Jaspers & Paul Arthur Schilpp (eds.), The Philosophy of . Karl Jaspers (–) began his academic career working as a . his Psychologie der Weltanschauungen (Psychology of World Views). Karl Theodor Jaspers was a German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong In , at the age of 38, Jaspers turned from psychology to philosophy, expanding on themes he had developed in his psychiatric works.
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The big objection is simply that Jaspers has simply taken over the idea of the self in use in the psychology of his day, but he has not thought this through this conception or assured himself that he has a right to use this idea by understanding its emergence and all its interconnected aspects.
He initially studied law — his father was a jurist and advocate for progressive causes — later he settled on medicine.
Neither respected Max Weber, whereas for Jaspers Weber was a defining figure.
Karl Jaspers’ Concept of Universal History in the Context of his Age and Ours
Jaspers recognizes different kinds of personalities, basic orientations and metaphysical conceptions of the world; he argues that philosophies emerge from social milieus, but remain tied to them; and philosophers need other philosophers, working together through argument, criticism and dialogue, to sustain philosophical search. Culture, on the other hand, is always an important jaspdrs to totalitarianism.
Jaspers then became a student of medicine at Heidelberg from — If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it.
Jaspers also worlddviews between primary and secondary delusions. Glenn Gray, in D.
Karl Jaspers: Philosopher of Otherness | New Acropolis Library
In this early work, Jaspers introduced several concepts which assumed great importance for all his work. Philosophy jumps out from the natural standpoint but remains tied to it. Phenomenology and Transcendental Philosophy of Value. It is merely the beginning of a process in which thinking gets free of presuppositions.
The point of the offering is not to win anyone over or persuade anyone of anything, but to enact our being authentically, to connect with people, and thus co-create the space in worldviewd we all struggle as the cosmos of worldviews. It was possible for this to happen, and it remains possible for it to happen again at any minute.
Second, however, it also means that true philosophy cannot simply abandon philosophical rationality for positively disclosed truth-contents or dogma, lf that the critical function of rationality has a constitutive role in the formation of absolute knowledge. We have to move from the natural standpoint to explicit philosophy.
Interpretive methods which efface the traces of historical contingency from transcendence and reduce transcendence to one predetermined religious truth, he suggested, fail to reflect on the plural and various forms in which transcendence can be interpreted, they erroneously presuppose that transcendence can be encased in the categories of one exclusive doctrine, and they undervalue the constitutive historical variability of transcendence.
He has uncovered the activating human responsiveness out of which philosophy emerges. After the war he resumed his worlddviews position, and in his work The Question of German Guilt he unabashedly examined the psycholoty of Germany as a whole in the atrocities of Hitler ‘s Third Reich. They direct our attention especially to confronting life in all its complexity and painful absurdity, calling upon strength of character and willpower, personal integrity and genuineness, and the ability to go forward without getting stuck, as modes of authentic being in response to the problematic character of lived experience.
Thus before I have myself I have already been had: Mirror Sites View this site from another server: Throughout their theoretical trajectories, the differences between Heidegger and Jaspers were in many ways greater than the similarities. The first has to do with the general approach itself. Jaspers obtained his widest influence, not through his philosophy, but through his writings on governmental conditions in Germany, and after the collapse of National Socialist regime he emerged as a powerful spokesperson for moral-democratic education and reorientation in the Federal Republic of Germany.
When one realizes that religion consists of metaphor, symbol, and ciphers of transcendence as a process, then appreciation for the diverse scaffolding and metaphoric meanings of diverse religions and communication becomes possible.
Throughout the middle decades of the twentieth century he exercised considerable influence on a number of areas of philosophical inquiry: The first two volumes of this work appeared inwhile the third and fourth have been gathered from the vast material of his posthumous papers. In this theory, Jaspers argued that limit situations are unconditioned moments of human existence, in which reason is drawn by intense impulses or imperatives, which impel it to expose itself to the limits of its consciousness and to seek higher or more reflected modes of knowledge.
Added to PP index Total downloads psychlogyof 2, Recent downloads 6 months 3of 2, How can I increase my downloads? In this respect, ,arl revisited some of the controversies concerning the relation between religion and philosophy which shaped the philosophy of the Young Hegelians in the s.
His early career as professor of philosophy was also deeply and adversely affected by psyhology hostility to his work. The everyday is cast into the role of the trivial and it becomes possible to become arrogant, unfeeling, dismissing the cries one hears, as if they were of no account. Philosophy is a kind of unrelenting honesty and the value of it is that it keeps us real — it helps us stay human — signs of which are that we are open, that we have a sense of the moment, a sense of humor — especially that we are loving, that we go on with love, and not tire of love.
Vom Ursprung und Ziel der GeschichteZurich: