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He is a highly prolific author on philosophy, having written more than books. His philosophy is mainly influenced by such thinkers as NietzscheEpicurusthe cynic and cyrenaic schools, and French materialism. Born to a family of Norman farmersOnfray was sent to a weekly Catholic boarding school from ages 10 to This was a solution many parents in France adopted at the time when they lived far from the village school or had working hours that made it too hard or too expensive to transport their children to and from school daily.

The young Onfray, however, did not appreciate his new environment, which he describes as a place of suffering. Onfray went on to graduate with a teaching degree in philosophy. He taught this subject to senior students at a high school that concentrates on technical degrees in Caen between and This book repeated its popular French success in Italy, where it was published in September and quickly soared to number one on Italy’s bestseller lists.

L’affabulation freudienne The Twilight of an Idol: The Freudian Confabulationpublished inhas been the subject of considerable controversy in France because of its criticism of Freud. He recognizes Freud as a philosopher, but he brings attention to the considerable cost of Freud’s treatments and casts doubts on the effectiveness of his methods.

Inhe published Cosmosthe first book of a trilogy. Onfray considers ironically that it constitutes his “very first book”. Onfray writes that there is no philosophy without self- psychoanalysis. He describes himself as an atheist [9] and considers theist religion to be indefensible.

Onfray has published 9 books under a project of history of philosophy called Counter-history of Philosophy. In each of these books Onfray deals with a particular historical period in western philosophy. The series of books are composed by the titles I. Les Sagesses Antiques on western antiquityII. Les libertins baroques on libertine thought from the Baroque eraIV. La construction du surhomme: There is in fact a multitude of ways to practice philosophy, but out of this multitude, the dominant historiography picks one tradition among others and makes it the truth of philosophy: From that point on, anything that crosses this partial — in both senses of the word — view of things finds itself dismissed.


This applies to nearly all non-Western philosophies, Oriental wisdom in particular, but also sensualist, empirical, materialistnominalisthedonistic currents and everything that can be put under the heading of “anti- Platonic philosophy”.

Philosophy that comes down from the heavens is the kind that — from Plato to Levinas by way of Kant and Christianity — needs a world behind the scenes to understand, explain and justify this world. The other line of force rises from the earth because it is satisfied with the given world, which is already so much. Approaching philosophy as a reflection of each individual’s personal experience, Onfray inquires into the capabilities of the body and its senses and calls on us to celebrate them through music, painting, and fine cuisine.

He defines hedonism “as an introspective attitude to life based on taking pleasure yourself and pleasuring others, without harming yourself or anyone else.

Onfray’s works “have explored the philosophical resonances and components of and challenges to science, painting, gastronomy, sex and sensuality, bioethics, wine, and writing.

Michel Onfray – Wikipedia

His most ambitious project is his projected six-volume Counter-history of Philosophy “, [4] of which three have been published. In opposition to the ascetic ideal advocated by the dominant school of thought, hedonism suggests identifying the highest good with your own pleasure and that of others; the one must never be indulged at the expense of sacrificing the other.

Obtaining this balance — my pleasure at the same time as the pleasure of others — presumes that we approach the subject from oe angles — political, ethical, aesthetic, erotic, bioethical, pedagogical, historiographical His philosophy aims for “micro-revolutions”, or “revolutions of the individual and small groups of like-minded people who live by his hedonistic, libertarian values. In La puissance d’exister: What political hedonism aims for is to create the greatest happiness for the greatest numbers.


Cornwell praised Onfray’s Atheist Manifesto: The Case Against Christianity, Judaism, and Islamdess it “is a religious and historical time capsule” containing what he sees as “the true deceptions of theological philosophy”. Recently he has been involved in promoting the work of Jean Meslier[4] [15] an 18th-century French Catholic priest who was discovered, upon his death, to have written a book-length philosophical essay promoting atheism.

Books by Michel Onfray

In the atheist manifesto, Onfray has said that among the “incalculable number of contradictions and improbabilities in the body of the text of the synoptic Gospels” [16] two claims are made: Ancient Historian John Dicksonof Macquarie University, has said that Philo of Alexandriawriting about the time of Jesus, says that sometimes the Romans handed the bodies of crucifixion victims over to family members for proper burial. The Roman Jewish historian Flavius Josephus even remarks: Onfray based this on the fact that, other than in the New Testament, Jesus is barely mentioned in accounts of the period.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. ChamboisOrneFrance. Paradox of hedonism Hedonic treadmill. Le Ventre des philosophes. Thoreau le sauvageLe Passeur, Miroir du nihilisme.

La vie philosophique de Albert Camus. Retrieved June 15, A philosopher of the Pyilosophes PDF. Archived from the original on Archived from the original PDF on Biblical minimalism Historicity of the Bible Textual criticism Criticism of the Bible People whose existence is disputed.

Robertson Acharya S Gilbert T. Wells Thomas Whittaker Frank Zindler. Philosophy portal Atheism portal France portal Biography portal. Retrieved ofnray ” https: Views Read Edit View history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. University of Caen Lower Normandy. AtheismreligionethicsCyrenaic schoolhedonismEpicureanismpleasurehistory of philosophymaterialismaestheticsbioethics. Part of a series on.

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